Authors: Bing Tao, Joanne Donnelly, Ivo Oliveira, Ruth Anthony, Victoria Wilson, Sandra R. Esteves,
Keywords: Advanced anaerobic digestion; Ammonia inhibition; Ion-exchange resin; Zeolite; Thermal hydrolysed secondary sewage sludge; Bacteria and methanogens gene abundance
Abstract: Ammonia inhibition mitigation in anaerobic digestion of high solids content of thermally hydrolysed secondary sewage sludge by the NH4 + affinitive clinoptilolite and a strong acid type ion-exchange resin S957 was investigated. Continuous NH4 + -N removal was achieved through ion-exchanging at both temperatures with average removals of 50 and 70% for the clinoptilolite and resin dosed reactors, respectively. Approximate 0.2–0.5 unit of pH reduction was also observed in the dosed reactors. The synergy of NH4 + -N removal and pH reduction exponentially decreased free NH3 concentration, from 600 to 90 mg/ L at 43C, which mitigated ammonia inhibition and improved methane yields by approximately 54%. Microbial community profiling suggested that facilitated by ammonia removal, the improvement in methane production was mainly achieved through the doubling in bacterial density and a 6-fold increase in population of the Methanosarcinaceae family, which in turn improved the degradation of residual volatile fatty acids, proteins and carbohydrates.
For full article, please contact us.
Visited 422 times, 1 Visit today